How Often Do I Need To Wash My Fabric Duct?
This is one of the most common questions and one of the most difficult to answer because it depends entirely upon the AHU System, level of filtration, the cleanliness of the air in the immediate environment of the Fabric Ducting system(s) and the type of material used and also the type of diffusers used.
Fabric Ducts need washing for one of several reasons……
(1) The duct has become blocked with dust and is causing system inefficiency and loss of performance. This is actually rarer than you might think and is commonly caused by poor filtration management on AHU Systems using Permeable Fabric Ducts with Micro-Perforations only. This duct will need turning inside out and vacuuming to remove most of the dust prior to washing.
(2) The duct has signs of dirt on the outside and it is no longer aesthetic. This is dust from the room the Fabric Duct is mounted within that has become entrained in the air pattern and settled on the duct usually near the laser cut perforations. There is not normally a loss of performance in this situation and this duct can be wiped down, vacuumed or removed and washed depending upon the internal level of dust build up.
(3) The hygiene requirements of the room/system require regular cleaning. This is usually a food or cleanroom situation and the cleaning is undertaken as a requirement of the hygiene systems within the organisation rather than a lack of performance or visible dust deposits.
From our perspective we don’t insist on cleaning annually as part of our warranty terms and conditions unless there is a significant percentage of air travelling through micro-perforations. Other than this it’s really a question of common sense and the guidelines above.
It’s fair to say that eventually most Fabric Duct systems will benefit from being removed and cleaned. The ideal time will be when access is available and the system is not required (unless one has a spare system so that rotational cleaning can take place).
At Prihoda UK we have our own in house laundry facility where we wash and dry Fabric Ducts (of any manufacturers type) for a wide variety of customers. By having this service in house we control the quality of the wash – in terms of temperatures and detergent products used – and the critical temperature of drying. We are able to survey each duct and spot when repairs are required. We are able to offer fast turnaround times and additional treatments (anti-bacterial – anti-fungal etc). We also offer a removal, installation and storage service for spare systems. Please don’t hesitate to contact us to discuss your requirements further.
Fabric Ducting Washing Procedure
1. Very dusty diffusers clean first by means of vacuum cleaner (pressurized air, soft brush), turn inside out and vacuum first, then vacuuming outer surface last before moving to step 2.
2. Polyester Ducts – Wash in washing machine with industrial washing detergents (dosing as per supplier recommendation), at 40 °C, we recommend spinning at 400 rpm and intensive rinsing. According to the contamination level cycle of washing can be repeated or a stronger detergent used. Use an adequate detergent for hand washing. Diffusers, which are not machine washable, can be usually effectively cleaned by vacuum cleaner, floor cloth or water stream.
3. Add disinfection into the wash if required as part of your hygiene process. The chemicals used for disinfection must not affect the fabric (see the washing symbols), detergents dosing as per supplier’s recommendation.
4. Either drip dry the diffusers well after washing and install or install slightly damp and allow the supply air to dry the ducts. DO NOT TUMBLE DRY or in any other way heat the fabrics during drying above 40oc as this may result in damage.
5. DO NOT STORE DAMP – mould can occur and this damage is impossible to remove completely.
The warranty period is deemed to start on the day of delivery. For warranty to be valid all installation instructions must have been followed and installation completed to a good standard. Additionally all maintenance instructions must be followed, in addition to good practice for the maintenance of the AHU or other type of supply air unit. Supply air must be filtered to at least EU3 and the ducts washed or cleaned when subject to excessive dust build up, pressure increase beyond system design or a drop in performance is noted. Chemicals used which may have an adverse affect on the material or ancilleries will invalidate the warranty.
Medium weight Polyester Fabrics such as Prihoda Regular, Prihoda Premium and Recycled Material. This is 99% of the material specified in the UK.
Membrane diffuser, servomotors, all other fabrics and Squairetex Products.
All other items not mentioned above, unwoven accessories (zips, hooks, etc, printing, assembly and accessories).
Legend for symbols
Machine wash at maximum temperature of 40oc. Normal mechanical action, normal rinse, normal spin cycle
Light Mechanical Action, rinse at falling temperature, light spin, gentle machine wash, maximum temperature 40oc
Hand wash only, do not machine wash, maximum temperature 40oc, handle gently
Do not bleach product
Product may be dried in a rotary drum dryer BUT AT REDUCED DRYING TEMPERATURE (please contact us)
Do not dry the product in a rotary drum dryer
Iron at a maximum temperature of 110oc, use caution when steam ironing
Do not iron the product, steaming and steam processing is prohibited
Do not dry clean the product, do not remove spots using organic solvents
This product is safe to dry clean using perchlorethylene an all solvents specified under the symbol F